state of Chhattisgarh
is situated in Deccan bio-geographical
area, houses an
important part of the rich and unique biological diversity. What is more
conspicuous is that the state is significantly rich in endemism with
respect to many plants having medicinal importance.
The forests of the state fall under two major forest types, i.e.,
Tropical Moist Deciduous forest and the Tropical Dry Deciduous forest. The
state of Chhattisgarh is endowed with about 22 varied forest sub-types
existing in the state.
(Shorea robusta) and Teak (Tectona grandis) are the two major tree species
in the state. Other notable overwood species are Bija (Pterocarpus
marsupium), Saja (Terminalia tomentosa), Dhawra (Anogeissus
Mahua (Madhuca indica), Tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon) etc. Amla
(Embilica officinalis), Karra (Cleistanthus collinus) and bamboo
strictus) constitute a significant chunk of middle canopy of the state's
forests. From the management point of view, there are four types of
forests in the state of Chhattisgarh. These are Teak, Sal , Miscellaneous
and Bamboo forests.
Biogeographically, the state falls in Deccan bio-region comprising of representative fauna of central India viz: tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), gaur (Bos gaurus), sambhar (Cervus unicolor) , chital (Axis axis), nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa). The state is a proud shelter to rare wildlife like the wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and hill myna (Gracula religiosa) which have been declared as rare and endangered. Apart from the species diversity , the state is also endowed with rich genetic diversity . The variation in the genetic composition of individuals within or among floristic and faunal species is large.
At a glance:
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